Expanding my skills: how (and why) I make my own compression sleeves | Hacker Day

2021-12-16 09:01:10 By : Mr. David C

Have you noticed that "one size fits all" usually means "one size fits all"? This became especially clear to me when I started using compression sleeves on my arms. Like any hacker, this seems to be a problem I can solve, so I gave it a try. Boy, did I learn a lot in this process?

More than a year ago, I started to lose things. If I hold something in my left hand, it is likely to suddenly fall to the ground. This phenomenon is quickly accompanied by pain and numbness, especially after typing on the keyboard for a whole day.

At best, my pinky and ring fingers have been very tired and feel half dead. Worst of all, the pain radiated from my armpits to my fingertips. It feels like my arm got an electric shock. To make a long story short, I saw one or two neurologists, and later I got several co-paid diagnoses: cubital tunnel syndrome.

No doubt you have heard of carpal tunnel; this is its annoying cousin. My ulnar nerve was compressed on my elbow and the annoying discomfort made me want to bite my arm.

I had surgery last summer to move the nerve to a less tight place. The pain of shooting is now gone, and I am very grateful for it. But my arm is still a bit messy. Those two fingers feel tired almost every day.

I decided to try a compression sleeve for support. You know, those sausage casings worn by athletes can increase blood flow and muscle recovery. I bought a cheap, plain sleeve from the drugstore. It is basically a nylon/spandex tight tube with a thick elastic band on the wide end. As soon as I put it on, my arm feels great. Energetic, even. I can wear it most of the day, but I feel a little tired.

There is only one problem: the fitness keeps changing. After a day or so, the elastic band was stretched and I had to lift it to my arm every five minutes. I washed it again and it clung to it again, but after just a few cycles, the elasticity started to wear.

Once I fell in love with compression sleeves, I became frustrated with their flaws. It is also disappointing that they are only available in a few sizes.

So, I decided to try to make my own, I believe the Hackaday world understands this. I know these will also be deformed, but if I can iterate repeatedly until I lock the pattern tailored for my arm, I can have a bunch of sleeves to wash/wear/match all of my Steely Dan T-shirts.

I have some sewing experience, but none of the fabrics are weird, stretchy or particularly difficult to process. On the other hand, the design of the compression sleeve is simple. Personally, I feel that most of the nerve support compression occurs in the elastic band, and the close-fitting sleeves provide muscle support and prevent bites. So I thought, if I can make the elastic fit well, I will succeed.

For a long time, there has been a stretchy leopard fabric with unknown fiber content everywhere in the house. This is a remnant that feels too good to stay in the trash can. I decided to start with these things and see what happened. If it really works, I will buy more remnants with high spandex content and continue to iterate.

My plan is simple: just measure the sleeves bought in the store and shrink them! I cut out a rough rectangle, nailed the seam at the end of the forearm, and tried to stitch it with straight stitches. My thread came together immediately, and the feed dog—the small rows of metal teeth that clamped the fabric and fed it—without it. I tried the zigzag stitch. It works a bit, but the zigzag and zigzag are so close together that it looks more like a lie detector for a liar than a resistor on the schematic.

Down jacket but did not get out, I asked le goog a question: How do I sew stretch fabrics? It returned a related YouTube video telling me that there was something called an elastic needle with a round tip.

This design allows needleworms to penetrate the fabric instead of stabbing and hoping for the best. Later, I made a short call to my local sewing machine company, and I was on my way to the city center to buy a pack of five elastic needles for $5.

The same video taught me about stretch stitches. A regular straight stitch is not stretched. But any zigzag stitch will stretch naturally. Think of them as accordion files or scissor jacks: they are designed to expand. Many machines have one or more special, linear stretch stitches, but my machine is quite low-end.

It's easier to use elastic needles, and I stick to it until it's done. The fit isn't very good, but it's not terrible either.

The elastic band I bought is wider than the commercial sleeve, which I think will extend the fitting time before it starts to loosen. I also deliberately made it longer than the sleeves bought in the store.

I bought some new remnants from the fabric store, including remnants of 82% nylon/18% spandex. This is 6% more spandex than store-bought sleeves, which may be a bad thing. I think that the higher the spandex content, the more room for me to make mistakes. That said, iterating should be easier until I have a comfortable sleeve, but not as tight as a blood pressure cuff.

I did this a bit differently. Instead of starting with a rectangle, I measured the arc corresponding to the taper of my arm and sew along a fixed curve. I want to cut out a long trapezoid, but that piece is too small.

The second sleeve turned out fine, but it was a bit loose, so I sewed another seam on the inside of the first sleeve. Then I cut off the excess material. This is a good place because they cut off the extra stitches when sewing, because they can cut beautiful flat seams. But it doesn't matter, because what I make is much cheaper than what I buy, and it is tailor-made for me.

I think this project will eventually become the material for this week's failure, and it almost made it. But after some education, I was very happy to try again, and in the end I was more successful than I thought. I will make more and try some different things, such as making a big hem instead of elastic bands, or using different colors of spandex to increase the visual appeal, such as Ringer T-shirts. Some sleeves have hard shell protection at the elbows, and it might be interesting to reproduce them with 3D printing.

The impact of globalization on clothing is interesting. In the past, people tailored everything and could cut off the size, collar, and inner seam of the hat without thinking. As fashion relaxes, population increases, and women enter the labor market, we have seen the rise of ready-to-wear and "one size fits all". When it's inappropriate, it's like cutting corners and humiliating the body. But customized skills and tools are completely within our capabilities.

So, Hackaday readers, what costumes will you customize? Have you already done it? Let us know in the comments.

superior! I can't help but like the fancy leopard print. :) Yes, stretchy fabrics are annoying to use, aren't they.

Are there any good modeling software applications that can handle it? I have seen a handful of very expensive commercial products that are still not very good, nothing more. Installing a flat fabric on a person who is essentially 3D now feels like a poorly solved (mainly software) problem. At least in terms of released and available software. I have seen at least some promising research projects and similar things.

Also, if you use surgery to solve the problem, why doesn't it actually solve the problem? Sounds at least partially helpful? If this is the case, what else might be the problem? Now that you have undergone surgery, are there other non-surgical and non-cuff options that might also help? It is not clear why this sleeve method is indeed helpful, although I agree that the correct fit method should be better than the general method.

Cloth simulation is not easy. CLO's software is one of the market leaders (there is a very cheap "personal use" version called Marvelous Designer-it is the "preferred" tool for many 3d fabric problems). You can instead use modern 3d tools (such as Houdini) and a 3d scan of the arm (you can create it with your phone) and create a perfectly fitting package there (voxelized arm, iso-surface with an offset layer, Unfold along what looks like ultraviolet light-look: a perfectly-fitting sewing plan).

I will study some of the software options you mentioned. It has been several years since I last discussed this in depth, and the products offered at that time were very, very limited, do my best.

Is there a fairly accurate mobile phone 3d scanner app these days? Without the second lens, it is a bit unclear how it can capture accurate depth information to create accurate 3D images. Although some mobile phones are beginning to appear three-dimensional "vision", this should be easy to piece together.

In this case, the final product is a tube, so you may only need one or two seams. If you want to make clothes for a person, I will become more complicated. I am curious how the two effects in practice, but can be modeled virtual (different fabrics fall and move differently depending on the material, material thickness, and position) Body, connection method, etc.)

Get a mark or sparkling konfetti. Sprinkle your arm. It will improve shape detection. seriously.

Freckles and tattoos are also effective.

For this reason, I definitely prefer non-permanent "tattoos" -> get the mark :-)

Someone told me that it may take up to a year for my nerves to relax, so we will look at it after July 6. To be honest, I should promote more physical therapy before and after surgery. Later, I only went there once and he seemed very satisfied with my grip strength and so on.

right? I like it every time I see it. This project allowed me to restart sewing. I think I will buy a walking foot, it will help everything including stretching!

I can recommend you to invest in an entry-level coater/cobbler, you will not regret it. Mine is mentioned here. https://hackaday.com/2017/05/23/the-textile-bench/

Also quoted the neat article, thank you. I don't know what the overlock is (I use a lighter to smooth the wear), and I am not sure if the older non-industrial singer can handle leather.

Are you confident in using Singer's thickness and tanning method?

I assume you use a blade to find leather needles, I don't remember what thread is recommended in my box.

I have seen several sergers in the 2nd hand store (in the past 20 years or so). They are Singer models from the early 1980s, and the 2nd hand price is about $15.

I recently found a free sewing machine on craigslist with a beautiful 16-inch deep table. I have been rescuing free things recently (most things can also be used). This is the long video I made for this (see 7:35 and later) and some other projects (currently still in the truck recovery work): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=n0XMO2lWB5c

Wow! Well done and well written. I don't know the different needles. I love how you find answers to questions and move on!

I know universal needles and ball needles (ball needles are used in polyester fabrics) so it is good to understand the stretch point!

That's cool... a pun. Great project! I like Poly Lycra and elastic materials. I haven't found out that I am also allergic, which is a bonus. Coolmax fascinates me, the lightest one I found is ClimaLite from Adidas. Unless I want to bask in the sun, I use long underwear almost all year round (including a Buff collar crocodile leather, I have a balaclava that I use as a lining in winter), and I wear white when working outside in summer. All the details of sewing and practice are interesting. I like to use it as a hot weather lining for sleeping inside and inside, just like a cocoon sleeping bag lining. Thanks for sharing. I miss using a tailor, but enjoy it as much as possible (except for leather work that requires industrial machinery or is very slow).

Actually, I miss my tailor more.

In addition, when I had carpal tunnel, I used a bottle of vitamin C containing strontium, because it is known that strontium causes cartilage and joints to loosen, causing wrist joints and I guess other joints to grow in some cases. It is called Reacta-C® [Calcium strontium ascorbate and calcium threonate]. Seems to work. Tennis elbow is another matter.

Edit: typo; "...release..." should be "...release..."

Thanks... I want to know what you mean by loose...

Yes...Yes...I also want to know whether arginine, citrulline or ornithine can promote human growth hormone and expand bones to help relieve nerve pain. It can also be used as an over-the-counter medicine. Really need to be careful, because it may cause mental health problems, just like roid rage. Oatmeal and quinoa are also important sources of balanced amino acids, so they are not a limiting amino acid nutritional problem. My theory is sometimes due to health issues (maybe our nerves have grown after bone fusion), we need to grow a little bit, and then contract again, so that we can adapt to other tissues with less inflammation without being so mesoderm.

When I didn't know what happened and wanted to know if I had rheumatoid arthritis or other diseases, I tried vitamin D-3 for a minute. There is no real help for joint pain, but I think it is because it is not real joint pain.

I have XLHED and I have read about tumor necrosis factor (TNF) metabolism that affects inflammation. I have read that vitamin D helps fight inflammation, depending on Dr. Gundry’s dietary recommendations and Dr. Mercola’s latest interview on his supplement discussion. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9kTw7uG_9T0

As Dr. Gundry pointed out, I can say first-hand information on quality control (QC) testing experience... In terms of raw material, intermediate and finished product testing, the quality may vary, even if the source is changed. Thorough testing and quality control. I want to know which brands he recommends? I haven't read enough, but I still think that the ES/TS EW ELINT operation caused inflammation, which was also caused by the recent Cuban American diplomat problem. Supplements and bioequivalent drugs are indeed effective, but diagnostic methods can often be improved to ensure that the best or at least effective treatment is determined. It is strange how anti-aging groups such as athletes and performing artists have better resources, while the rest are negligent groups.

Thanks! Well, I have to check Coolmax and ClimaLite to see what materials they use.

I invested in walking feet and got recommendations from YouTube videos and reading. It seems necessary for some materials, unless you have some special sewing skills, I know I don't have one. :-)

“The impact of globalization on clothing is very interesting. In the past, people tailored everything and could cut off the size of hats, collars and inner seams without thinking. As fashion relaxes, population increases and women enter the labor market, we see It’s the rise of ready-to-wear and “one size fits all”. When it’s inappropriate, it’s like cutting corners and the humiliating side of the body. But customized skills and tools are completely within our capabilities."

In some ways it is like the whole 3D printing phenomenon. We have technology. We have materials. We still don't have a large-scale rush, because it's good enough and cheap enough, and it's not worth the effort.

Rings cut from an old inner tube of the right size have many uses because they can maintain elasticity.

Thank you for making me curious, I learned about the needles used for elastic fabrics.

For carpal tunnel, if you have not been to a physical therapist or a suitable physical therapist: try a technique called "nerve flossing". You can find simple instructions for related exercises on Youtube

If you feel that you must share a ride to Manhattan through the Dutch Tunnel, then you may have Car Pool Tunnel Syndrome. B^)

Yes-if it were not for flossing (and gabapentin), I would actually bite my arm at some point.

This reminds me of preparing compression stockings for my calves. We just say that "one size fits all" is more like "our one size is not for you, fat man".

I had a similar problem with commercially available knee pads for floor or tile sessions. Regardless of the design, they don't seem to fit well-the straps of the calves and thighs always seem to move each other, gathering together behind the knees. Quite painful. Want to know if something customized will help.

Custom fit is only part of it. The use of cheaper materials is often associated with poor fit and poor ergonomics. That is, the more expensive ones don't always fit or work better. Compromises are also made in the design phase to make production easier or cheaper, but this usually means that the final product is also less than ideal. I think this is a very good question you have encountered here.

The only knee pads I found that are really comfortable to use have no straps. They can be placed in the front knee pockets of a pair of sturdy work pants or work clothes. (Random Google search example: http://www.snickersworkwear.com/design-and-features/save-your-knees/how-to-pick-the-perfect-kneepad/)

The geometry of the legs around the knee makes it almost impossible to tie something in this area and does not make the straps right in the sensitive position behind the joint.

It's definitely this. Knee pants can help a lot, and then throw the pads in to make the work on the knees bearable. Another benefit is that most people don't even know that you are wearing a knee pad, so you can avoid jokes.

For reference only, some pants from Duluth Trading Company have knee pockets.

I ended up using only the calf straps on my knee pads-they can walk well without pinching.

Sew the waist belt loop on the back of the trousers and let the knee pads pass through. Then they cannot move up or down.

Doh, I was thinking you meant to sew the loop where the other belt loops are, not behind the knee/calf.

Many clothing labels now say "one size fits best"

I wear scrubs at work like millions of other people. These things are too simple and generally not fit. I don't understand why they are not ordered to fit, then cut and stitched by a robot and delivered to your door the next day. Ok…

If you are interested in delving into the cause of this problem and changing it, I might be able to help. Although medicine considers nerves to be non-stretchable (it is usually described as such), the specific nerves you are referring to (the ulnar and radial distribution of the brachial plexus) must be able to extend along their entire route so that many hands, arms, And shoulder movements. Modern life, including a lot of sitting, bending, and concentration, has changed the relationship between many related organizations. For your problem (and in some cases the carpel tunnel, and tennis elbow, when the problem is on the other side of the elbow) the adhesion between the structures you illustrated in the picture above is the culprit-once Adhesion occurs (and the lack of regular structural movement in all directions is the cause of this; if the fascia is not moved, it will stick), all the symptoms you describe and more can occur. Look for TOS or TOCS (thoracic outlet syndrome or compression syndrome in the latter).

In all humans, the segmental nerves from the cervical spinal cord gather together to form the brachial plexus and appear through the "thoracic outlet". The thoracic outlet is just a space between the anterior scalene muscle and the medial scalene muscle-from There they pass through Peppa's slight underneath the tendon, and then stretch out along the arm. If a person’s posture changes over time (usually with age), the body’s own structure may affect one or more nerves and/or adhesions at many points along nerve channels. The result may be the problem described.

There are many gentle stretching exercises on my YouTube channel that can help solve this problem; I will link to one here:


Try this lightly-I predict that you won't feel this effect on your neck, but on your arms; this is a good start. Make sure to hold the ankle as described, instead of holding your thumb against your fingers-you will not be able to fully pull your arm (insufficient grip). Try it lightly once or twice, starting with only two attempts a week. Wearing a compression sleeve during this process will also help.

For more than 30 years, I have been trying to decipher the functions and problems of the human body, and we have begun to understand it. In general, it is the shift from a lot of daily exercise and physical labor to a more sedentary lifestyle (sitting to work, driving instead of walking) that has caused a series of new problems for everyone. In other words, it is what we have not done that is the root cause of a large part of modern problems.

There are many ways to measure custom clothing to consider the contours of different parts of the arm. Incorrect measurements can result in areas with higher levels of compression (in milligrams of mercury), and it’s best to keep this in mind if you have nerve damage. Seams can also cause high tension, and clothing manufacturers should pay attention to the type of straps at the end of the clothing to prevent them from causing a tourniquet effect. This is another thing to be aware of when trying to make clothing. I absolutely agree that there is a problem with ready-made clothing, and think that you are trying it is cool, but it is risky, especially because you seem to be a little numb and may not be able to feel whether the clothing is causing circulation problems. good luck!

"At home, we will play in the city, powered by the sun. The streamlined world. The perfect weather. Everyone will have a spandex jacket" ;-)

FWIW, there is now an open source clothing design application called Seamly2d, which allows you to create clothing patterns from scratch.

That's cool, thank you for letting us know :-)

Can it be made of leather pants? B^)

What happened in the sewing room remains in the sewing room...

Wow! thanks for your reminder!

I want to know whether the band network 3D printed with flexible materials will work better, a bit like the actors they are making now that look like alien cocoons. It may be necessary to use dissolvable scaffolding...and put a fabric lining in it...

Or better yet, print the flexible filament directly onto the fabric and then stitch it together... I know, just throw an idea.

When I read the title, this is the type of compression sleeve I think of. https://www.nicopress.com/products/compression-products

This post is very interesting-I just bought a sewing machine and have been teaching myself to sew? I made a pillow with a custom fabric with my face (long story) printed on it as a gift for the weekend, and now I am turning to tool rolls and small bags. Hope to change some of my linen shirts soon.

The interesting part of sewing (unlike microcontroller programming or other hacking attacks) is that your problem is never unique, no matter what you try to do, there is a methodology. Likewise, it is interesting to take things apart and realize the process behind them, for example, your jeans.

When the seam ripper came in handy to make patterns, I fell over.

I just found your website by accident (I was looking at the Maslow CNC Router that I also found by accident).

You may already know this, because you have had surgery, so it may not matter, but it doesn’t hurt to study it carefully. About 10 years ago, I was hit by a half body and a disability for 2 years. During that time, I used PC more (with nothing to do) and I had similar symptoms as you described.

Finally, I went to see a chiropractor. One day I mentioned to him that I thought I had a carpel tunnel, but it was not true. He smiled and said why. "Well, when I'm on the computer, my little finger starts to tingle or numb, but I know that the carpel tunnel is not'here'

He laughed again, although he didn't say the problem he described. "You are right, it is not the carpal tunnel, but there is a nerve from here (neck area) all the way down to your arm (track it) to your little finger

He did more work on the neck that day, with little or no work on the hands or elbows...so if you've ever been to chiro...the first job won't last very long For a long time...it doesn't work a lot...until it happens. So he has worked on my neck and continued for a few weeks-it has completely disappeared, even though my next 3 tasks require computer work.

I don’t know if this is helpful to you, but it’s helpful to me. I feel sad if I don’t say anything, because I can see that it helps alleviate the side effects that you still have-adjust my neck actually The little finger that helped me, I’ve never had surgery – strangely, it started to bother me again today – it’s been more than 10 years – my neck has never stopped – I think I need to see chiro again by myself .

I must have some kind of neck problem. The first doctor's recommendation I saw was cervical radiculitis. Although I personally have opinions on chiropractors, I am very happy that they can help you.

I understand "personal opinion of chiropractors"...I have been to someone who seemed more interested in draining my health account than telling me that my muscles were strained. Maybe you can find a friend recommended, or consider an osteopath, basically chiropractors with a medical degree.

Ren's DO is a good suggestion...I have been to 3 very good places in my life, and they all have something in common. They are all second-generation chiropractors and love their work. I asked that person, Adam "So how long have you been chiro". ——He said 36 years and laughed... I said yes? You are not old enough... Then he said very well, he is really 12 years old, but my dad is a chiropractor and I grew up with him, so it looks much longer.

Believe it or not, massage therapy can also help-I laughed when the doctor said it for the first time, so I admit that I am skeptical, but still open (I know this sounds contradictory-but it is not).

It's like a soft version of chiro.. I watched the "Stretch Master" video above, and I think he really cares about it.

Hardly a master! Just someone who has solved the problem of how to feel comfortable in the human body for more than 30 years. Back pain is my PhD research field for many years, and the related logic.

We put these videos on YouTube because, like Hackaday, we have a clear and open learning system. IMHO, this is where the Internet is at its best.

A good chiropractor will relax your muscles first, so they don't pull the correction back in place. I once saw a Chiro who didn't do this. Less than five minutes after leaving his office, my back went back!

After finding a new job in the office, I started to encounter this problem. So I bought a new taller chair so that I don’t lean on my elbow when I type. I no longer feel numbness and tingling from the pressure on my elbow. Maybe you need a new chair and you need to stop leaning on your elbow when you bend your wrist.

I am not trying to belittle you, but I have no insurance and have to investigate this reason. I often have pain for more than a month. All I have to do is find a better chair and change my posture. I don't think we should use technology to make it easier for us to do things we shouldn't, such as making bad postures easier.

I had a problem with my leg before and failed after breaking my leg and putting the board in my leg. I removed them because they were broken, and I refused to put them in again because I thought it would continue to fail. Someone told me that I needed crutches and would never be able to run or ride a bicycle. I can now do both by exercising more and maintaining good posture. I haven't used crutches since I removed my plate.

Three years after the steel plate was taken out, my legs almost lost the ability to exercise. This is due to muscle loss, even when engaged in active work that involves a lot of walking and carrying heavy objects. It's too bad, I can't put on my socks myself. This is entirely due to the posture and rhythm of my workload. This job requires me to walk several miles a day and set up a 4U server.

Remember, your body is a very advanced machine, and if you can get rid of without a crutches, then exercise and posture will make you go further, instead of making fancy crutches.

This is a very wonderful article you shared here. Sometimes, we cannot stretch as we want. These sleeves are the best compression accessories and can help us recover muscle faster than other fabric accessories. You can wear them while playing games/sports and leisure. Thanks for sharing. I must bookmark your article.

Hi, I actually work for a medical compression company, making customized patterns for clients. Gloves, sleeves, tights, etc. Your basic design is very good.

White prints on a purple background are easier to read and less burdensome on the eyes.

I like that fabric! Where did you find it? I want to make these precise compression sleeves!

I am very interested in this kind of thing and can try to make my own custom compression socks, because I can never find socks that are bigger in the right place and smaller in other places, let alone enough for my crazy thighs It grows longer, and the elasticity at the top is almost always between cutting my legs apart or when I need garter belts to support them.

Some customization sounds perfect, and I do it myself sounds better because my insurance does not include customs.

Hi, I sometimes make my own outdoor and camping gear, so I thought I might mention some things that might be useful:

First, you can buy outdoor and technical fabrics online, from fabrics for backpacks to thin silk nylon, and everything in between, such as Velcro, padding, and shoulder strap webbing.

Just search for "MYOG outdoor and technical fabric cordura silnylon" on Google to get a series of options and websites with tips and tricks.

Second, if you maximize it, the elasticity will disappear, so just double it, maybe the elasticity is weaker, and it will last longer:

Technically speaking, if the "load" on it * exceeds* the maximum value it can bear without failure, its behavior will no longer be flexible. Think of a heavy object on a thin thread, snap!

So the trick is in an old saying: Many hands make work easy :)

Therefore, just use multiple threads and continue to add threads until the weight is allocated so much that the weight of each thread is far less than the maximum it can bear. This is how they made the suspension bridge!

Therefore, if you double or triple the "unit" of elastic material (or more!), then the "load" on each repeat will be halved or cut into three pieces, so the load on each piece of fabric is not Overloading the piece will be completely elastic, if you use enough elastic fabric "units", it should last forever ;)

So, for example, if you use a slightly weaker elasticity but double or triple it, you should not squeeze too much, but maintain the strength for a longer time!

.. You may want to make each outer layer a little longer, so that the final outer layer will not just take all the pressure and let the inner layer relax.

Please be kind and respectful to help make the comment section great. (Comment Policy)

This website uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how to handle your comment data.

By using our website and services, you explicitly agree to the placement of our performance, functionality and advertising cookies. Learn more